What Is Christmas Why And How It Is Celebrated On 25th December:- Here in this article we will provide you all the details regarding Xmas Festival, How it is celebrated all over the world and how it is celebrated.
Many people celebrated this great festival every year, but they still don’t know why we all celebrate this festival and what for, so here we will provide you that information only.
Christmas-time is a Catholic festival which is celebrated by billions of people over the world related to various traditions.
Well, some celebrate it for Jeremiah and Job, some for Arnobius, some as the birth of pharaoh and most people mark it as the birthday of Jesus Christ, the birth of God in the form of a human.
On this day people Decorate trees, the evergreen tree whose leaves not even fell in winters. People share gifts and cards as a tradition and organize great events too.
On this day people sang carols and rhymes too and do charity for the poor people. Here in this article What Is Christmas Why And How It Is Celebrated On 25th December, we will provide you all the information regarding this festival and many more.
You may share this article with your friends and family on social networking sites such as Facebook, wechat, twitter, Viber, WhatsApp, hike, line, bbm, Instagram, Pinterest, google plus, etc, etc and wish them a merry Christmas full of love and joy.
Christmas-time is an annual commemoration of the birth of Jesus Christ and a widely observed cultural holiday, generally celebrated on December 25 by billions of people around the world.
A feast central to the Christian liturgical year, it closes the Advent season and initiates the twelve days of Christmastide, which ends after the twelfth night.
Christmas is a civil holiday in many of the world’s nations, is celebrated by an increasing number of non-Christians, and is an integral part of the Xmas and holiday season.
Christmas-time is a compound word originating in the term “Christ’s Mass.” It is derived from the Middle English Cristemasse.
Irenaeus viewed Christ’s conception as March 25 in association with the Passion, with the nativity nine months after on December 25.
The Chronography of 354 AD contains early evidence of the celebration on December 25 of a Christian liturgical feast of the birth of Jesus.
This was in Rome, while in Eastern Christianity the birth of Jesus was already celebrated in connection with the Epiphany on January 6.
The December 25 celebration was imported into the East later: in Antioch by John Chrysostom towards the end of the 4th century, and in Alexandria only in the following century.
Even in the West, the January 6 celebration of the nativity of Jesus seems to have continued until after 380. In 245, Origen of Alexandria, writing about Leviticus 12:1–8, commented that Scripture mentions only sinners as celebrating their birthdays, namely Pharaoh, who then had his chief baker hanged (Genesis 40:20–22), and Herod, who then had John the Baptist beheaded (Mark 6:21–27), and mentions saints as cursing the day of their birth, namely Jeremiah (Jeremiah 20:14–15) and Job (Job 3:1–16). In 303, Arnobius ridiculed the idea of celebrating the birthdays of gods, a passage cited as evidence that Arnobius was unaware of any nativity celebration.
Since Christmas-time does not celebrate Christ’s birth “as God” but “as man”, this is not evidence against Christmas-time being a feast at this time.
The fact the Donatists of North Africa celebrated Xmas may indicate that the feast was established by the time that church was created in 311.
Many popular customs associated with Christmas developed independently of the commemoration of Jesus’ birth, with certain elements having origins in pre-Christian festivals that were celebrated around the winter solstice by pagan populations who were later converted to Christianity.
These elements, including the Yule log from Yule and gift giving from Saturnalia, became syncretized into Christmas over the centuries.
The prevailing atmosphere of Christmas-time has also continually evolved since the holiday’s inception, ranging from a sometimes raucous, drunken, carnival-like state in the Middle Ages, to a tamer family-oriented and children-centered theme introduced in a 19th-century reformation.
Pagan Scandinavia celebrated a winter festival called Yule, held in the late December to early January period.
As northern Europe was the last part to Christianize, its pagan traditions had a significant influence on Christmas there, an example being the Koleda, which was incorporated into the Christmas carol.
Scandinavians still call Christmas Jul. In English, the word Yule is synonymous with Christmas, a usage first recorded in 900.
Christmas Day is celebrated as a major festival and public holiday in countries around the world, including many whose populations are mostly non-Christian.
Commemorating Jesus’ birth
Christians celebrate the birth of Jesus to the Virgin Mary as a fulfillment of the Old Testament’s Messianic prophecy.
The Bible contains two accounts which describe the events surrounding Jesus’ birth. According to popular tradition, the birth took place in a stable, surrounded by farm animals. Christians celebrate Christmas-time in various ways.
In addition to this day being one of the most important and popular for the attendance of church services, there are other devotions and popular traditions.
In some Christian denominations, children re-enact the events of the Nativity with animals to portray the event with more realism or sing carols that reference the event.
A long artistic tradition has grown of producing painted depictions of the nativity in art. Nativity scenes are traditionally set in a stable with livestock and include Mary, Joseph, the infant Jesus in the manger, the three wise men, the shepherds and their sheep, the angels, and the Star of Bethlehem.
DecorationsThe practice of putting up special decorations at Christmas has a long history. In the 15th century, it was recorded that in London it was the custom at Christmas for every house and all the parish churches to be “decked with holm, ivy, bays, and whatsoever the season of the year afforded to be green”.
The heart-shaped leaves of ivy were said to symbolize the coming to earth of Jesus, while holly was seen as protection against pagans and witches, its thorns and red berries held to represent the Crown of Thorns worn by Jesus at the crucifixion and the blood he shed.
The traditional colors of Christmas decorations are red, green, and gold. Red symbolizes the blood of Jesus, which was shed in his crucifixion, while green symbolizes eternal life, and in particular the evergreen tree, which does not lose its leaves in the winter, and gold is the first color associated with Christmas, as one of the three gifts of the Magi, symbolizing royalty.
Music and carols
“Deck The Halls” dates from 1784, and the American “Jingle Bells” was copyrighted in 1857. In the 19th and 20th century, African American spirituals and songs about Christmas, based on their tradition of spirituals, became more widely known.
An increasing number of seasonal holidays songs were commercially produced in the 20th century, including jazz and blues variations. In addition, there was a revival of interest in early music, from groups singing folk music, such as The Revels, to performers of early medieval and classical music.
A special Christmas family meal is traditionally an essential part of the holiday’s celebration, and the food that is served varies greatly from country to country.
Some regions, such as Sicily, have special meals for Christmas Eve, when 12 kinds of fish are served. In the United Kingdom and countries influenced by its traditions, a standard Christmas-time meal includes turkey or goose, meat, gravy, potatoes, vegetables, sometimes bread and cider. Special desserts are also prepared, such as Christmas pudding, mince pies, and fruit cake.
CardsChristmas cards are illustrated messages of greeting exchanged between friends and family members during the weeks preceding
Christmas Day. The traditional greeting reads “wishing you a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year”, much like that of the first commercial Christmas card.
Christmas cards are purchased in considerable quantities and feature artwork, commercially designed and relevant to the season.
The content of the design might relate directly to the Christmas narrative with depictions of the Nativity of Jesus, or Christian symbols such as the Star of Bethlehem, or a white dove which can represent both the Holy Spirit and Peace on Earth.
Other Xmas cards are more secular and can depict Christmas traditions, mythical figures such as Santa Claus objects directly associated with Christmas such as candles, holly, and baubles, or a variety of images related to the season, such as Christmastide activities, snow scenes, and the wildlife of the northern winter.
There are even humorous cards and genres depicting nostalgic scenes of the past such as crinolined shoppers in idealized 19th-century streetscapes.
Some prefer cards with a poem, prayer, or Biblical verse; while others distance themselves from religion with an all-inclusive “Season’s greetings.”
Commemorative stampsSome nations have issued commemorative stamps at Christmastide. Postal customers will often use these stamps to mail Christmas cards, and they are popular with philatelists.
These stamps are regular postage stamps, unlike Christmas-time seals, and are valid for postage year-round. They usually go on sale sometime between early October and early December and are printed in considerable quantities.
Gift givingThe exchanging of gifts is one of the core aspects of the modern Christmas celebration, making it the most profitable time of year for retailers and businesses throughout the world.
Gift giving was standard in the Roman celebration of Saturnalia, an ancient festival which took place in late December and may have influenced Xmas customs.
On Christmas, people exchange gifts based on the tradition associated with St. Nicholas, and the gifts of gold, frankincense, and myrrh which were given to the baby Jesus by the Magi.